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Decision Analysis

Decision Analysis

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Decision Analysis refers to team members following a structured pro-
cess to facilitate, document, and align complex decisions. The decision analysis process involves four steps for clarifying and aligning decisions by scoring alternatives against weighted decision objectives in a grid. This process is helpful with any of three main styles for Effective Decision Making. However it is most often part of consultative decision-making. It is a powerful facilitation tool that supports Leading Through Narratives. The steps include the following (see Figure G.4):

  1. State the Decision: Use a short phrase that describes the decision to be taken. What is the purpose of the decision? Who is the decision maker?
  2.  List and Weight Objectives: What are the “must” objectives? What are the “want” objectives? What are the relative weights (1–10) between these “wants”? “Must” objectives are initial threshold conditions for filtering alternatives.
  3.  List and Score Alternatives: What are the “alternatives” to be evaluated? How do the “wants” score for each “alternative”? What are the total scores (weight × scores)?
  4. Best Balanced Choice: Are the risks for the highest-scoring “alternative” acceptable, and if not, is the next-highest scorer the best choice?

FIGURE G.4 Example Decision Analysis

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